TIME Magazine Cover: Birth of Bangladesh — Dec. 20, 1971.Tags: #bangladesh #pakistan #India
Bollywood’s First Kiss
The first kiss in an Indian film was in 1929 when Seeta Devi and Charu Roy locked lips in the silent film, Throw of Dice. The 1933 film, Karma, saw a kiss between the lead pair Devika Rani and Himanshu Roy which lasted four minutes. Post India’s independence from the British rule in 1947, the kiss disappeared from the screen, but it has made a tentative comeback in recent years.Tags: #India #Bollywood
Rape in India
According to the official statistics of 1991, one woman is molested every 26 minutes in India. These statistics refer to the reported cases. Whereas, if the unreported cases were to be included, it would be a matter of seconds- rather than minutes.During the partition of India, rape was an extensive issue. It is estimated that during the partition, up to 100,000 women were kidnapped and raped.
1. Tuka Ram And Anr vs State Of Maharashtra
In the Mathura rape case, wherein Mathura- a sixteen year old tribal girl was raped by two policemen in the compound of Desai Ganj Police station in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.
Her relatives, who had come to register a complaint, were patiently waiting outside even as the heinous act was being committed in the police station. When her relatives and the assembled crowd threatened to burn down the police chowky, the two guilty policemen, Ganpat and Tukaram, reluctantly agreed to file a panchnama.
The case came for hearing on 1st June, 1974 in the sessions court. The judgment however turned out to be in favour of the accused. Mathura was accused of being a liar. It was stated that since she was ‘habituated to sexual intercourse’ her consent was voluntary; under the circumstances only sexual intercourse could be proved and not rape.
2. Mohd.Habib Vs State
The Delhi High Court allowed a rapist to go scot-free merely because there were no marks of injury on his penis- which the High Court presumed was a indication of no resistance. The most important facts such as the age of the victim (being seven years) and that she had suffered a ruptured hymen and the bite marks on her body were not considered by the High Court. Even the eye- witnesses who witnessed this ghastly act, could not sway the High Court’s judgment.
Another classic example of the judicial pronouncements in rape cases is the case of Bhanwari Devi, wherein a judge remarked that the victim could not have been raped since she was a dalit while the accused hailed from an upper caste- who would not stoop to sexual relations with a dalit.
3. Kunan Poshpora incident
On February 23, 1991, Indian army searched and interrogated people at the Kunan Poshpora village, an which is an isolated hamlet in Jammu and Kashmir, at 11:00 PM soldiers of the Rajputana Rifles cordoned off the village. Males were interrogated overnight. The soldiers are accused to have gang-raped a large number of village women that night till 9:00 AM as well as the next day.According to the locals up to 100 women “were gang-raped without any consideration of their age, married, unmarried, pregnancy etc.,”Victims of this incident range in age from 13 to 80.
4. Phoolan Devi Case
The Bandit Queen case, which depicts the tragic story of a village girl. Phoolan Devi- who was exposed from an early age to the lust and brutality of some men. She was married to a man old enough to be her father. She was beaten and raped by him. She was later thrown out of the village- accused of luring boys of the upper caste. She was arrested by the police and subjected to indignation and humiliation. Was also kidnapped and raped by the leader of dacoits and later by the leader of a gang of Thakurs- who striped her naked and paraded her in front of the entire village.
5. Scarlett Keeling case
The rape and murder of English teenager Scarlett Keeling, on 18 February 2008, brought international attention to cases of rape in India.Scarlett, of Bideford, Devon, was staying with her 25-year-old Goan boyfriend while her mother travelled around India when she was killed before being raped.Samson D’Souza, 30, and Placido Carvalho, 42, are on trial for her murder and rape.
6. Suryanelli rape case
The Suryanelli rape case concerns a 16-year-old girl who was sexually harassed and assaulted continuously for 40 days by 42 men in 1996. The girl from Suryanelli in Idukki district of Kerala in India was transported from place to place across Kerala. The accused included some well-known and well-placed individuals.
The girl was enticed, threatened, abducted and sexually exploited by a bus conductor on January 16, 1996. Subsequently, she was transferred to the custody of two other persons, one of whom was a woman and another an advocate. The duo presented her to several men, including prominent persons, in various places in Kerala. Terrorised, shocked and ill, she was on February 26 asked by her captors to go home. They gave her a small amount of money and threatened her with dire consequences if she told anyone about what had happened.
In 1999, under public pressure, the government set up the State’s first-ever Special Court to try a case of sexual assault. A serious inquiry conducted by a team led by Inspector-General of Police Sibi Mathew bringing the culprits to book.
On September 6, 2000, the Special Court sentenced 35 persons to rigorous imprisonment for varying terms. The first accused, conductor Raju, and second accused, Usha, were sentenced to 13 years of rigorous imprisonment with fine and an additional jail term of four years on different counts. Four of the accused were let off. Two others, including the key accused, advocate S.S. Dharmarajan, were absconding during the first phase of the trial.
On 20 January 2005, the Kerala High Court acquitted the 35 convicted earlier and found Dharmarajan guilty only of crimes related to the sex trade (procuring and selling a minor for purposes of prostitution). Accordingly, his sentence was reduced to five years and fines amounting to Rs. 50,000.
On Feb 6 2012 the police arrested the Suryanelli case victim in connection with an alleged financial irregularity case. The case pertains to the charge that the victim had engaged in multiple financial irregularities worth Rs 2,26,000 while working in the Sales Tax Department, Changanassery in 2010. The irregularities had surfaced during auditing, after which she was placed under suspension. Later she was given a ‘punishment’ transfer to Kottayam where she is now employed. She was produced before a court in Changanassery which remanded her in judicial custody. It has been alleged that as her case is coming up for hearing in the Supreme court, vested elements have set her up.
7. Jalgaon rape case
The Jalgaon rape case was a major case of human trafficking, rape, and sexual slavery that took place in Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India. It came to light in July 1994.The women, many of them school-going minors, were tricked, drugged and sometimes tortured for rape by businessmen, professionals, politicians and criminals. It is said to involve 300 to 500 women and to have been running for 5 to 12 years. It revealed a nexus of the town’s influential people who exploited the girls.Exploitation of girls in Jalgaon had carried on unchecked for many years. The men would scout college campuses, beauty parlours, ice cream parlours, hospitals and bus terminals, for girls. A few victims claimed they were tranquilised before being sexually assaulted and photographed. They would later be blackmailed.
Gandhi meets with Charlie Chaplin at the home of Gandhi’s friend Dr. Chuni Lal Katial in Canning Town, London, September 22, 1931. Sarojini Naidu is standing on the right.Tags: #Gandhi #India
Severely malnourished girl Rajni, 2, is weighed by health workers in Madhya Pradesh, India.3,000 children die every day, despite economic growth.Tags: #hunger #india #shame #current affairs #poverty #children #nourishment
Homai - India’s first woman photojournalist with other press photographers, at a photo session with Mrs. GandhiTags: #indira gandhi #india #history
Meditation.Tags: #golden temple #amritsar #india #Sikhism #Religion #Temple